Christ: Our Substitute and our Righteousness (part one)

Christ: Our Substitute, Life, and Righteousness
Part One


Lamentation 1:18 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity. 19 I called for my lovers, [but] they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls. 20 Behold, O LORD; for I [am] in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home [there is] as death. 21 They have heard that I sigh: [there is] none to comfort me: all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done [it]: thou wilt bring the day [that] thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me. 22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs [are] many, and my heart [is] faint.

Psalm 40:12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

Psalm 38:4 For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me…. 17 For I [am] ready to halt, and my sorrow [is] continually before me. 18 For I will declare mine iniquity; I will be sorry for my sin.


Basic principles of biblical interpretation

When considering difficult subject matter in the Bible, it is always good to consider the following:

  1. Exegesis: The Bible (through (a) word choice; (b) word omission; (c) the immediate context; (d) the greater context; and (e) the definitions of the words in their original languages) is its own inerrant, and fully authoritative, dictionary and commentary.

  2. Hermeneutics: The Bible sets forth perfect truth on several levels, namely: (a) the historic level; (b) the moral level; and (c) the spiritual level (which often encompasses multiple levels of understanding).

  3. First use: Although it is not a universal rule in the Bible, quite often we can determine the primary meaning or intent of a word based upon (a) the first appearance of that word in the Bible, and/or (b) the first appearance of that word in light of a particular subject or object (e.g. the first use of a word as it pertains to an inanimate object may differ from the first use of a word as it pertains to a living being, or to a location. Likewise, the first use of a word as it concerns God, may differ from the first use of a word as it pertains to man or to animals).

  4. Emphasis: The entirety of the Bible concerns some aspect of the person, work, righteousness, and kingdom of God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ (and the Triune Godhead whom He fully represents bodily). The chief focal point of the Bible, and that which brings the highest glory to God, is the redemptive work of Christ on the cross (hence Paul’s determination to “not know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified”).

The Principles in light of the Volume of the Book

Although we should never seek biblical understanding simply for the sake of pride or novelty, if our aim is to come to a greater knowledge of Him, then it behooves us to seek the Lord literally and truly on every page of the Bible. As we seek to find Christ in whatever God ordains for us to read, we should strive to keep an eye out for those passages that pertain to His propitiatory work. We should also try to keep in mind the doctrine of eternal vital union, which is the doctrine of that living oneness that has existed throughout all eternity between the spiritual Head and His Body, which is Christ Jesus and His Church. Lord willing, He will give us fresh morsels of insight concerning the eternal love with which He loved us, in light of that suffering that which He suffered for us. 

Though we have no strength to actually place any limit on God, we can sometimes do so in our own experience whenever we allow our preconceived notions to become paramount over the truth. Many speak of finding the Lord Jesus Christ on every page of the Bible, and stress that the entire Bible pertains to some aspect of His person and work; however, this precept often becomes nothing more than a cliché; especially, when people fail to see Him in passages that are less “tried and tested.” Far too many passages that speak parabolically of the Lord go unnoticed by many, because the passages do not fit the pattern of the more familiar types. The tendency is to gravitate towards the more positive figures, and to steer clear of those that are of a more negative and condemning nature. As we proceed, this point will become more important; especially as it pertains to the doctrine of….

SUBSTITUTION

The substitutionary nature of the atonement

In order for the Lord Jesus to have atoned for His elect, he had to have been their Substitute; I trust that no regenerate child of God would dispute this. However, what does it really mean; in what way was He our Substitute? The Bible reveals that He had to have been made sin for us, and that He had to die in our stead enduring the equivalent of eternal damnation for each and every one of us. He had to fully stand where we should have stood (before the Judgment Seat) in order to truly be our propitiation. Thus, whatever grief and sorrow we would have felt under the wrath of God, He felt the equivalent. Whatever pain, torment and agony we would have felt; He felt the equivalent. Through vital union with us (and the love that flows from it), He became us. He became the daughter of Zion whom the Lord hath “covered with a cloud in His anger;” He was the Beauty of Israel “cast down from Heaven unto the earth.” (Lamentations 2:1). The Lord Jesus Christ, Himself, became the king that mourned, and the prince that was clothed with desolation; He was the one, in the stead of His people, who was troubled and that had done to Him after the way of His people; for according to their deserts was He judged (Ezekiel 7:27); He [was] wounded for their transgressions, bruised for their iniquities: the chastisement of their peace [was] upon him; and with His stripes they are healed (Isaiah 53:5).

New Testament Verses that Pertain to Eternal Vital Union


New Testament Verses that
Pertain to Eternal Vital Union

Matthew 5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Matthew 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: 32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats: 33 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. 34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: 35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: 36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. 37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed [thee]? or thirsty, and gave [thee] drink? 38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took [thee] in? or naked, and clothed [thee]? 39 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? 40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me. 41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: 42 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: 43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. 44 Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? 45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me. 46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.

John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. 18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. 19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also. 20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. 21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. 22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? 23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.

John 15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. 2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. 3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you. 4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. 5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. 6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. 7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. 8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples. 9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love. 10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love. 11 These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full. 12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. 13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. 14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. 15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. 16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you. 17 These things I command you, that ye love one another.

John 16:14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. 15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

John 16:23 And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you. 24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. 25 These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father. 26 At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: 27 For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. 28 I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father. 29 His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb. 30 Now are we sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God. 31 Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe? 32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. 33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.

John 17:1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy
Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. 3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee. For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me. 9 I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. 10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them. 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are.… 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: 23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, 2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven: 4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.

Romans 6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? 4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: 6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. 7 For he that is dead is freed from sin. 8 Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: 9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. 10 For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God. 11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. 10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. 3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. 4 For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: 5 So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.

Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

I Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

I Corinthians 6:14 And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power. 15 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid. 16 What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh. 17 But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. 18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. 19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

I Corinthians 10:15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? 17 For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

I Corinthians 12:12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ. 13 For by one Spirit are w
e all baptized into one body,
whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. 14 For the body is not one member, but many. 15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? 16 And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? 17 If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling? 18 But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him. 19 And if they were all one member, where were the body? 20 But now are they many members, yet but one body. 21 And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you. 22 Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary: 23 And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness. 24 For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked: 25 That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. 26 And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it. 27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

II Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord

II Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. 18 And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; 19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. 20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God. 21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Galatians 3:26For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Galatians 6:>14 But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. 13 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.

Ephesians 1:16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; 17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: 18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, 19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us–ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, 20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: 22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

Ephesians 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them

Ephesians 4:3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. 4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

Ephesians 4:15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: 16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love…. 20 But ye have not so learned Christ; 21 If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus: 22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; 23 And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; 24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light:

Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the b
ody.
24 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing. 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. 28 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. 29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church: 30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. 31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church. 33 Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. 9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. 10 And ye are complete [full, filled-up, rendered perfect] in him, which is the head of all principality and power: 11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: 12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. 13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. 2 Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth. 3 For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. 4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.

Colossians 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; 10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: 11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.

I John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

I John 2:27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

I John 3:1 Behold, what manner of lovethe Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. 2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. 4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 5 And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. 6 Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. 10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.

Revelations 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. 21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – Nasa‘ (borne/bear)

A Study on Nasa’ (bear) as it relates to the

bearing of our griefs by the Lord Jesus Christ

The verses wherein nasa’ is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). This word is used in various different ways; I cannot draw any one conclusion from it at this time. Nonetheless, I hope it will prove to serve as a useful resource for myself, and others, as time goes by.


Borne 05375 asn nasa’ naw-saw’ or hon nacah (#Ps 4:6) naw-saw’ a primitive root; v; AV-(bare, lift, etc…) up 219, bear 115, take 58, bare 34, carry 30, (take, carry)..away 22, borne 22, armourbearer 18, forgive 16, accept 12, exalt 8, regard 5, obtained 4, respect 3, misc 74; 654; 1) to lift, bear up, carry, take; 1a) (Qal); 1a1) to lift, lift up; 1a2) to bear, carry, support, sustain, endure; 1a3) to take, take away, carry off, forgive; 1b) (Niphal); 1b1) to be lifted up, be exalted; 1b2) to lift oneself up, rise up; 1b3) to be borne, be carried; 1b4) to be taken away, be carried off, be swept away; 1c) (Piel); 1c1) to lift up, exalt, support, aid, assist; 1c2) to desire, long (fig.); 1c3) to carry, bear continuously; 1c4) to take, take away; 1d) (Hithpael) to lift oneself up, exalt oneself; 1e) (Hiphil); 1e1) to cause one to bear (iniquity); 1e2) to cause to bring, have brought

Qal 08851, Perfect 08816, Count: 12562

Qal 08851: is the most frequently used verb pattern. It expresses the “simple” or “causal” action of the root in the active voice. Examples: he sat, he ate, he went, he said, he rose, he bought – This form accounts for 66.7% of the verbs parsed.

08816 Perfect: The Perfect expresses a completed action. 1) In reference to time, such an action may be: 1a) one just completed from the standpoint of the present “I have come” to tell you the news; 1b) one completed in the more or less distant past; In the beginning God “created” – “I was (once) young” and “I have (now) grown old” but “I have not seen” a righteous man forsaken; 1c) one already completed from the point of view of another past : God saw everything that “he had made;” 1d) one completed from the point of view of another action yet future; I will draw for thy camels also until “they have done” drinking; 2) The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English. 2a) in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence—truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed: the grass “withereth” – the sparrow “findeth” a house; 2b) an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present: “I stretch out” my hands to thee – “thou never forsakest” those who seek thee; 2c) the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into “complete existence” and realisation: “I know” thou wilt be king – “I hate” all workers of iniquity; 2d) Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect. 2d1) in promises, threats and language of contracts the field “give I” thee and if not, “I will take it” 2d2) prophetic language; my people “is gone into captivity” (i.e. shall assuredly go).

Passages containing nasa’ in the Old Testament

Genesis 13:6 And the land was not able to bear <05375> (8804) them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together.

Genesis 18:26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare <05375> (8804) all the place for their sakes.

Genesis 19:21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted <05375> (8804) thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

Genesis 45:19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring <05375> (8804) your father, and come.

Genesis 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry <05375> (8804) me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said.

Exodus 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear <05375> (8804) to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD.

Exodus 10:13 And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought <05375> (8804) the locusts.

Exodus 18:22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear <05375> (8804) the burden with thee.

Exodus 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear <05375> (8804) their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Exodus 28:29 And Aaron shall bear <05375> (8804) the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually. 30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear <05375> (8804) the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

Exodus 28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear <05375> (8804) the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.

Exodus 35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up <05375> (8804), and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD’S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.

Exodus 35:26 And all the women whose heart stirred <05375> (8804) them up in wisdom spun goats’ hair.

Exodus 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom, even every one whose heart stirred him up <05375> (8804) to come unto the work to do it:

Leviticus 5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear <05375> (8804) his iniquity.

Leviticus 5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear <05375> (8804) his iniquity.

Leviticus 16:22 And the goat shall bear <05375> (8804) upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

Leviticus 17:16 But if he wash them not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear <05375> (8804) his iniquity.

Leviticus 24:15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Whosoever curseth his God shall bear <05375> (8804) his sin.

Numbers 4:25 And they shall bear <05375> (8804) the curtains of the tabernacle, and the tabernacle of the congregation, his covering, and the covering of the badgers’ skins that is above upon it, and the hanging for the door of the tabernacle of the congregation,

Numbers 11:17 And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear <05375> (8804) the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

Numbers 14:19 Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven <05375> (8804) this people, from Egypt even until now.

Numbers 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware <05375> (8804) to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

Numbers 14:33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear <05375> (8804) your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness.

Numbers 16:15 And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the LORD, Respect not thou their offering: I have not taken <05375> (8804) one ass from them, neither have I hurt one of them.

Numbers 30:15 But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them; then he shall bear <05375> (8804) her iniquity.

Numbers 31:49 And they said unto Moses, Thy servants have taken <05375> (8804) the sum of the men of war which are under our charge, and there lacketh not one man of us.

Deuteronomy 1:31 And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare <05375> (8804) thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place.

I Samuel 17:34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father’s sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took <05375> (8804) a lamb out of the flock:

II Samuel 18:28 And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to the earth upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be the LORD thy God, which hath delivered up the men that lifted up <05375> (8804) their hand against my lord the king.

II Samuel 20:21 The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up <05375> (8804) his hand against the king, even against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall.

I Kings 2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest <05375> (8804) the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.

I Kings 8:31 If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid <05375> (8804) upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:

I Kings 10:11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought <05375> (8804) gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones.

II Kings 2:16 And they said unto him, Behold now, there be with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go, we pray thee, and seek thy master: lest peradventure the Spirit of the LORD hath taken him up <05375> (8804), and cast him upon some mountain, or into some valley. And he said, Ye shall not send.

II Kings 9:25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the LORD laid <05375> (8804) this burden upon him;

II Kings 14:10 Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up <05375> (8804): glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?

II Kings 19:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up <05375> (8804) thy prayer for the remnant that are left.

II Kings 23:4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried <05375> (8804) the ashes of them unto Bethel.

II Kings 25:27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up <05375> (8804) the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;

I Chronicles 18:11 Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought <05375> (8804) from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.

I Chronicles 27:23 But David took <05375> (8804) not the number of them from twenty years old and under: because the LORD had said he would increase Israel like to the stars of the heavens.

II Chronicles 6:22 If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid <05375> (8804) upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house;

II Chronicles 11:21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took <05375> (8804) eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)

II Chronicles 12:11 And when the king entered into the house of the LORD, the guard came and fetched <05375> (8804) them, and brought them again into the guard chamber.

II Chronicles 25:19 Thou sayest, Lo, thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up <05375> (8804) to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?

Ezra 9:2 For they have taken <05375> (8804) of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.

Ezra 10:44 All these had taken <05375> (8804) strange wives: and some of them had wives by whom they had children.

Nehemiah 9:15 And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn <05375> (8804) to give them.

Esther 5:2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she obtained <05375> (8804) favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre.

Job 24:10 They cause him to go naked without clothing, and they take away <05375> (8804) the sheaf from the hungry;

Job 34:19 How much less to him that accepteth <05375> (8804) not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.

Job 34:31 Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne <05375> (8804) chastisement, I will not offend any more:

Psalm 15:3 He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up <05375> (8804) a reproach against his neighbour.

Psalm 24:4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up <05375> (8804) his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

Psalm 32:5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest <05375> (8804) the iniquity of my sin. Selah.

Psalm 69:7 Because for thy sake I have borne <05375> (8804) reproach; shame hath covered my face.

Psalm 83:2 For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up <05375> (8804) the head.

Psalm 85:2 Thou hast forgiven <05375> (8804) the iniquity of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah.

Psalm 88:15 I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer <05375> (8804) thy terrors I am distracted.

Psalm 93:3 The floods have lifted up <05375> (8804), O LORD, the floods have lifted up <05375> (8804) their voice; the floods lift up their waves.

Psalm 102:10 Because of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou hast lifted me up <05375> (8804), and cast me down.

Psalm 123:1 A Song of degrees. Unto thee lift I up <05375> (8804) mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens.

Psalm 139:20 For they speak against thee wickedly, and thine enemies take <05375> (8804) thy name in vain.

Psalm 143:8 Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up <05375> (8804) my soul unto thee.

Song of Solomon 5:7 The watchmen that went about the city found me, they smote me, they wounded me; the keepers of the walls took away <05375> (8804) my veil from me.

Isaiah 5:26 And he will lift up <05375> (8804) an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:

Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up <05375> (8804) after the manner of Egypt.

Isaiah 11:12 And he shall set up <05375> (8804) an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

Isaiah 14:4 That thou shalt take up <05375> (8804) this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Isaiah 22:6 And Elam bare <05375> (8804) the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.

Isaiah 37:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up <05375> (8804) thy prayer for the remnant that is left.

Isaiah 52:8 Thy watchmen shall lift up <05375> (8804) the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne <05375> (8804) our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare <05375> (8804) the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Jeremiah 31:19 Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear <05375> (8804) the reproach of my youth.

Jeremiah 52:31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up <05375> (8804) the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,

Lamentations 4:16 The anger of the LORD hath divided them; he will no more regard them: they respected <05375> (8804) not the persons of the priests, they favoured not the elders.

Lamentations 5:13 They took <05375> (8804) the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.

Ezekiel 3:14 So the spirit lifted me up <05375> (8804), and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was strong upon me.

Ezekiel 4:5 For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety days: so shalt thou bear <05375> (8804) the iniquity of the house of Israel. 6 And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear <05375> (8804) the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year.

Ezekiel 11:24 Afterwards the spirit took me up <05375> (8804), and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to them of the captivity. So the vision that I had seen went up from me.

Ezekiel 12:7 And I did so as I was commanded: I brought forth my stuff by day, as stuff for captivity, and in the even I digged through the wall with mine hand; I brought it forth in the twilight, and I bare <05375> (8804) it upon my shoulder in their sight.

Ezekiel 14:10 And they shall bear <05375> (8804) the punishment of their iniquity: the punishment of the prophet shall be even as the punishment of him that seeketh unto him…

Ezekiel 16:58 Thou hast borne <05375> (8804) thy lewdness and thine abominations, saith the LORD.

Ezekiel 17:23 In the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it: and it shall bring forth <05375> (8804) boughs, and bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar: and under it shall dwell all fowl of every wing; in the shadow of the branches thereof shall they dwell.

Ezekiel 18:6 And hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up <05375> (8804) his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, neither hath defiled his neighbour’s wife, neither hath come near to a menstruous woman…

Ezekiel 18:12 Hath oppressed the poor and needy, hath spoiled by violence, hath not restored the pledge, and hath lifted up <05375> (8804) his eyes to the idols, hath committed abomination…

Ezekiel 18:15 That hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up <05375> (8804) his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, hath not defiled his neighbour’s wife,

Ezekiel 18:19 Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear <05375> (8804) the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

Ezekiel 20:6 In the day that I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand unto them, to bring them forth of the land of Egypt into a land that I had espied for them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands:

Ezekiel 20:15 Yet also I lifted up <05375> (8804) my hand unto them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands;

Ezekiel 20:23 I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries;

Ezekiel 20:28 For when I had brought them into the land, for the which I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill, and all the thick trees, and they offered there their sacrifices, and there they presented the provocation of their offering: there also they made their sweet savour, and poured out there their drink offerings.

Ezekiel 20:42 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country for the which I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand to give it to your fathers.

Ezekiel 26:17 And they shall take up <05375> (8804) a lamentation for thee, and say to thee, How art thou destroyed, that wast inhabited of seafaring men, the renowned city, which wast strong in the sea, she and her inhabitants, which cause their terror to be on all that haunt it!

Ezekiel 27:32 And in their wailing they shall take up <05375> (8804) a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea?

Ezekiel 29:19 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take <05375> (8804) her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.

Ezekiel 36:6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because ye have borne <05375> (8804) the shame of the heathen: 7 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I have lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand, Surely the heathen that are about you, they shall bear their shame.

Ezekiel 39:26 After that they have borne <05375> (8804) their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.

Ezekiel 44:10 And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear <05375> (8804) their iniquity. 11 Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them. 12 Because they ministered unto them before their idols, and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity; therefore have I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand against them, saith the Lord GOD, and they shall bear <05375> (8804) their iniquity. 13 And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of a priest unto me, nor to come near to any of my holy things, in the most holy place: but they shall bear <05375> (8804) their shame, and their abominations which they have committed.

Ezekielkiel 47:14 And ye shall inherit it, one as well as another: concerning the which I lifted up <05375> (8804) mine hand to give it unto your fathers: and this land shall fall unto you for inheritance.

Hosea 13:1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted <05375> (8804) himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

Joel 2:22 Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth <05375> (8804) her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.

Amos 5:26 But ye have borne <05375> (8804) the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.

Amos 6:10 And a man’s uncle shall take him up <05375> (8804), and he that burneth him, to bring out the bones out of the house, and shall say unto him that is by the sides of the house, Is there yet any with thee? and he shall say, No. Then shall he say, Hold thy tongue: for we may not make mention of the name of the LORD.

Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away <05375> (8804): so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw thee, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, and lifted up <05375> (8804) his hands on high.

Haggai 2:19 Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth <05375> (8804): from this day will I bless you.

Zechariah 1:21 Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up <05375> (8804) his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.

Malachi 2:3 Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away <05375> (8804) with it.

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – cabal (to carry/bear)

A Study on cabal (carry/bear) as it relates to the carrying of our sorrows by the Lord Jesus Christ

The verses wherein cabal is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). This word, unlike others previosuly reviewed, appears to have both literal and figurative usage. I’ll leave it for others to decide if its use in Isaiah 53:4, 11 is literal (my belief) or figurative/legal. Regarding Lamentation 5:7 below, I have included a quote from the Keil & Delitzsch Commentary to highlight my own belief. When it says that the children have borne the sins of the fathers, not only does it mean that they have suffered under the effects of the sins their fathers committed (i.e. the punishment), but it means that they themselves carried/bore the very same sins (transgressions) for which their fathers were punished. In other words, they themselves were partakers in the sins of their fathers having the same sins and proclivity towards sin as their forefathers — this is the state of all mankind.


Carry/Bear – 05445 – lbo cabal saw-bal’ – a primitive root; v; AV-carry 4, bear 3, labour 1, burden 1; 9; 1) to bear, bear a load, drag oneself along; 1a) (Qal) to bear (a load); 1b) (Pual) laden (participle); 1c) (Hithpael) to make oneself a burden, drag oneself along;

Qal – 08851, Perfect – 08816, Count: 12562

Qal 08851: is the most frequently used verb pattern. It expresses the “simple” or “causal” action of the root in the active voice. Examples: he sat, he ate, he went, he said, he rose, he bought – This form accounts for 66.7% of the verbs parsed.

08816 Perfect: The Perfect expresses a completed action. 1) In reference to time, such an action may be: 1a) one just completed from the standpoint of the present “I have come” to tell you the news; 1b) one completed in the more or less distant past; In the beginning God “created” – “I was (once) young” and “I have (now) grown old” but “I have not seen” a righteous man forsaken; 1c) one already completed from the point of view of another past : God saw everything that “he had made;” 1d) one completed from the point of view of another action yet future; I will draw for thy camels also until “they have done” drinking; 2) The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English. 2a) in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence—truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed: the grass “withereth” – the sparrow “findeth” a house; 2b) an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present: “I stretch out” my hands to thee – “thou never forsakest” those who seek thee; 2c) the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into “complete existence” and realisation: “I know” thou wilt be king – “I hate” all workers of iniquity; 2d) Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect. 2d1) in promises, threats and language of contracts the field “give I” thee and if not, “I will take it” 2d2) prophetic language; my people “is gone into captivity” (i.e. shall assuredly go)

Passages containing cabal in the Old Testament

Genesis 49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear <05445>, and became a servant unto tribute.

Psalm 144:14 That our oxen may be strong to labour <05445>; that there be no breaking in, nor going out; that there be no complaining in our streets.

Ecclesiastes 12:5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden <05445>, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:

Isaiah 46:4 And even to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry <05445> you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry <05445>, and will deliver you. 5 To whom will ye liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like? 6 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship. 7 They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry <05445> him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, one shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried <05445> (8804) our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear <05445> their iniquities.

Lamentation 5:7 Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne <05445> (8804) their iniquities.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary: God does not punish the sins of the fathers in innocent children, but in children who continue the sins of the fathers; cf. Isaiah 65:7, and the explanation given of Jeremiah 31:29 and Ezekiel 18:2. The design with which the suffering for the sins of the fathers is brought forward so prominently, and with such feeling, is merely to excite the divine compassion for those who are thus chastised.

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – Anaphero (to bear)

A Study on anaphero (bear) as it relates to the
bearing of sin by the Lord Jesus Christ

The verses wherein anaphero is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). I trust that you will find that whereas the context in which this word is used has legal and actual ramifications, it is not a legal word in and of itself. In fact, every time it is used, it is used to in reference to something truly, actually, and physically done. Whether it be leading people to a place, carrying Oneself up, or offering a sacrifice, it is all something actually and truly done — without need for artificial constructs and/or legal fictions. However, once we get to Hebrews 9:28 and I Peter 2:24, it seems that in our day, most deem this to be metaphorical (fiction) in that they do not believe the physical bearing of sins was performed — only that the sins were legally reckoned to the Lord Jesus without Him actually bearing it. This is not the use of imputation by men like John Gill, Tobias Crisp, Joseph Hussey, Gilbert Beebe, numerous Strict Baptists and Primitive Baptists, et. al. They believed in an actual bearing of sins in His body. The aforementioned held to either a literal transfer view and/or a literal transfer view in light of vital union. All parties would agree to the legal ramifications of the bearing of sin by the Lord Jesus, but the aforementioned would go beyond merely legal, into an actual and real bearing, carrying, leading away, and offering.

Note that by legal, I am using the common secular definition of the term. Legal (or legally) is generally defined as that which is, or that which describes, something: (a) of/relating/by law, (b) having a formal status derived from law often without a basis in actual fact; (c) recognized or made effective by a court of law; (d) Recognized or enforced by law rather than by equity; and (e) created by the constructions of the law <a legal fiction> — these are the literal definitions of “legal” and “legally” as defined by several dictionary sources, they are not my words. Thus, when people object to the terms “merely legal” and “legal fiction” they are missing a vital aspect of what “legally” really and truly means. Said again, legally essentially means a legal construct, without basis in actual reality, something declared to be so by law.


Bear – 0399 anaferw – anaphero – anafer’o – from 303 and 5342; TDNT-9:60,1252; v; AV-offer up 3, bear 2, offer 2, bring up 1, lead up 1, carry up 1; 10; 1) to carry or bring up, to lead up; 1a) men to a higher place 2) to put upon the altar, to bring to the altar, to offer; 3) to lift up one’s self, to take upon one’s self; 3a) to place on one’s self anything as a load to be carried; 3b) to sustain, i.e. their punishment; TVM: Second Aorist 5780, Active 5784, Infinitive 5795, Count: 454

TVM: 5629 =Second Aorist 5780, Active 5784, Infinitive 5795, Count: 454 (used in Hebrews 9:28)

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear <399> ( 5629) the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

5780: Second Aorist: The “second aorist” tense is identical in meaning and translation to the normal or “first” aorist tense. The only difference is in the form of spelling the words in Greek, and there is no effect upon English translation. See “Aorist” 5777

5784 Voice-Active: The active voice represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action. e.g., in the sentence, “The boy hit the ball,” the boy performs the action.

5795 Mood-Infinitive: The Greek infinitive mood in most cases corresponds to the English infinitive, which is basically the verb with “to” prefixed, as “to believe.” Like the English infinitive, the Greek infinitive can be used like a noun phrase (“It is better to live than to die”), as well as to reflect purpose or result (“This was done to fulfil what the prophet said”).


TVM: 5656 = Aorist 5777, Active 5784, Indicative 5791, Count: 2319 — (used in I Peter 2:24)

I Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare <399> (5656) our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

5777 Tense-Aorist The aorist tense is characterized by its emphasis on punctiliar action; that is, the concept of the verb is considered without regard for past, present, or future time. There is no direct or clear English equivalent for this tense, though it is generally rendered as a simple past tense in most translations.

The events described by the aorist tense are classified into a number of categories by grammarians. The most common of these include a view of the action as having begun from a certain point (“inceptive aorist”), or having ended at a certain point (“cumulative aorist”), or merely existing at a certain point (“punctiliar aorist”). The categorization of other cases can be found in Greek reference grammars. The English reader need not concern himself with most of these finer points concerning the aorist tense, since in most cases they cannot be rendered accurately in English translation, being fine points of Greek exegesis only. The common practice of rendering an aorist by a simple English past tense should suffice in most cases.

5784 Voice-Active: The active voice represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action. e.g., in the sentence, “The boy hit the ball,” the boy performs the action.

5791 Mood-Indicative: The indicative mood is a simple statement of fact. If an action really occurs or has occurred or will occur, it will be rendered in the indicative mood.

Passages containing anaphero in the New Testament
Matthew 17:1And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth <399> <0> them up <399> (5719) into an high mountain apart,
Mark 9:2 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth <399> <0> them up <399> (5719) into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them.
Luke 24:51 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up <399> (5721) into heaven.
Hebrews 7:27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up <399> (5721) sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up <399> (5660) himself.

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear <399> ( 5629) the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

Hebrews 13:15 By him therefore let us offer <399> (5725) the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.
James 2:21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered <399> (5660) Isaac his son upon the altar?
I Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up <399> (5658) spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

I Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare <399> (5656) our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – Paga‘ (laid / made to meet)

 

A Study on paga‘ (laid) as it relates to
the sins being made to meet on the Lord Jesus Christ

Introduction
I came across the following when trying to best understand the use of paga’ in Isaiah 53 (and elsewhere in the Old Testament).

“A fascinating use of “paga” is found in Isaiah 53:6 “the Lord laid (paga) on him the iniquity of us all.”  The word is meaning our sins “fell” on Jesus, (so we could become what He intended).  If one reads through all the verses using “paga” a good number of them are about “falling on” someone and the person dying, so there is great intensity in this word. (http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/emagazine/022.doc — not to be deemed as an endorsement of the entire document or site)”

I recommend reading the verses below in context (in the Bible). Paga‘ is used in several different ways in the Old Testament; when it is used concerning people (as opposed to borders, etc.), it often (though not always) denotes real impact or significance — whether the impact of striking/falling on someone to kill them, or to entreat/intercede on someone’s behalf. I can by no means be dogmatic about it, nevertheless this word does not appear to be used in any kind of legal sense (either regularly or commonly or anywhere at all in the verses at issue). Paga‘ is indeed used in reference to entreating or interceding, but I can find nothing that supports the idea that the word is used in a legal sense (as in an attorney interceding for his client, or a surety for the debtor). This isn’t to say that the word, and the reasoning/message behind its usage, isn’t legal (or doesn’t have legal ramifications). Nonetheless, the term itself is not a legal term, nor is it really used as such.

As I have stated before, I am using the common secular definition of the term legal (or legally); which is is generally defined as that which is, or that which describes, something: (a) of/relating/by law, (b) having a formal status derived from law often without a basis in actual fact; (c) recognized or made effective by a court of law; (d) Recognized or enforced by law rather than by equity; and (e) created by the constructions of the law <a legal fiction> — these are the literal definitions of “legal” and “legally” as defined by several dictionary sources, they are not my words. Thus, when people object to the terms “merely legal” and “legal fiction” they are missing a vital aspect of what “legally” really and truly means. Said again, legally essentially means a legal construct, without basis in actual reality, something declared to be so by law. Thus, their is no indication that Paga‘ is being used as a legal term.

Laid (Made to meet) 06293 paga‘ (paw-gah’): a primitive root; v; {See TWOT on 1731}; AV-fall 12, meet 11, reach 7, intercession 4, intreat 2, entreat 1, misc 9; 46; 1) to encounter, meet, reach, entreat, make intercession; 1a) (Qal); 1a1) to meet, light upon, join; 1a2) to meet (of kindness); 1a3) to encounter, fall upon (of hostility); 1a4) to encounter, entreat (of request); 1a5) to strike, touch (of boundary); 1b) (Hiphil); 1b1) to cause to light upon; 1b2) to cause to entreat; 1b3) to make entreaty, interpose; 1b4) to make attack; 1b5) to reach the mark.

Strong’s and others define it also as “to impinge (by accident or violence), come between, reach run.” According to Merriam Webster, impinge is defined as: 1) to strike or dash especially with a sharp collision <I heard the rain impinge upon the earth — James Joyce>; 2) to have an effect : make an impression <waiting for the germ of a new idea to impinge upon my mind — Phyllis Bentley>; and 3)encroach, infringe <impinge on other people’s rights>  —  The Gesenius’s Lexicon states that it essentially means to strike upon, push upon, to rush on (especially with the purpose to slay), to light upon, to reach. 

TVM: Hiphil 08818, Perfect 08816, Count: 2675

08818 Hiphil: a) Hiphil usually expresses the “causative” action of Qal-see H8851 (and chart below); b) Hiphil is often used to form verbs from nouns and adjectives (like to listen (lend an ear) from ear; and to remove oneself, put far away from far); c) Some “simple” verbs are found in Hiphil: to cast, to destroy, to get up early, to explain, to tell – The form accounts for 13.3% of the verbs parsed.

Qal   Hiphil
he ate  he caused to eat, he fed
he came   he caused to come, he brought
he reigned he made king, he crowned

08816 Perfect: The Perfect expresses a completed action – 1) In reference to time, such an action may be: 1a) one just completed from the standpoint of the present; “I have come” to tell you the news; 1b) one completed in the more or less distant past; in the beginning God “created” – “I was (once) young” and “I have (now) grown old” but “I have not seen” a righteous man forsaken; 1c) one already completed from the point of view of another past act; God saw everything that “he had made;” 1d) one completed from the point of view of another action yet future – I will draw for thy camels also until “they have done” drinking; 2) The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English; 2a) in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence—truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed the grass “withereth” the sparrow “findeth” a house; 2b) an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present – “I stretch out” my hands to thee; thou never forsakest” those who seek thee. 2c) the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into “complete existence” and realisation; “I know” thou wilt be king; “I hate” all workers of iniquity; 2d) Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect; 2d1) in promises, threats and language of contracts the field “give I” thee and if not, “I will take it;” 2d2) prophetic language my people “is gone into captivity;” (i.e. shall assuredly go).

Passages containing paga‘ in the Old Testament

Genesis 23:8 And he communed with them, saying, If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out of my sight; hear me, and intreat <06293> for me to Ephron the son of Zohar,
Genesis 28:11 And he lighted <06293> upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and [them for] for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
Genesis 32:1 And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met <06293> him.
Exodus 5:3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days’ journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall <06293> upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.
Exodus 5:20 And they met <06293> Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh:
Exodus 23:4 If thou meet <06293> thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.
Numbers 35:19 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth <06293> him, he shall slay him. 20 But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die; 21 Or in enmity smite him with his hand, that he die: he that smote [him] shall surely be put to death; [for] he [is] a murderer: the revenger of blood shall slay the murderer, when he meeteth <06293> him..
Joshua 2:16 And she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet <06293> you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned: and afterward may ye go your way.
Joshua 16:7 And it went down from Janohah to Ataroth, and to Naarath, and came <06293> to Jericho, and went out at Jordan.
Joshua 17:10 Southward [it was] Ephraim’s, and northward [it was] Manasseh’s, and the sea is his border; and they met together <06293> in Asher on the north, and in Issachar on the east.
Joshua 19:11 And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached <06293> to Dabbasheth, and reached <06293> to the river that [is] before Jokneam;
Joshua 19:22 And the coast reacheth <06293> to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.
Joshua 19:26 And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth <06293> to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath; 27 And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth <06293> to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
Joshua 19:34 And [then] the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth <06293> to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth <06293> to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising.
Judges 8:21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall <06293> upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that [were] on their camels’ necks.
Judges 15:12 And they said unto him, We are come down to bind thee, that we may deliver thee into the hand of the Philistines. And Samson said unto them, Swear unto me, that ye will not fall upon <06293> me yourselves.
Judges 18:25 And the children of Dan said unto him, Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows run <06293> upon thee, and thou lose thy life, with the lives of thy household.
Ruth 1:16 And Ruth said, Intreat <06293> me not to leave thee, [or] to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people [shall be] my people, and thy God my God:
Ruth 2:22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, [It is] good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet <06293> thee not in any other field.
I Samuel 10:5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where [is] the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet <06293> a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
I Samuel 22:17 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall <06293> upon the priests of the LORD. 18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall <06293> upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell <06293> upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.
II Samuel 1:15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, [and] fall <06293> upon him. And he smote him that he died.
I Kings 2:25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell <06293> upon him that he died. 26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. 27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. 28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, [he is] by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall <06293> upon him. 30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay; but I will die here. And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me. 31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall <06293> upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. 32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell <06293> upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing [thereof, to wit], Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. 33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD. 34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell <06293> upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
I Kings 2:46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell <06293> upon him, that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.
Job 21:15 What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray <06293> unto him?
Job 36:32 With clouds he covereth the light; and commandeth it [not to shine] by [the cloud] that cometh betwixt <06293>.
Isaiah 47:3 Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet <06293> [thee as] a man.
Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid <06293> on him the iniquity of us all…. Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession <06293> for the transgressors.
Isaiah 59:16 And he saw that [there was] no man, and wondered that [there was] no intercessor <06293>: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.
Isaiah 64:5 Thou meetest <06293> him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, [those that] remember thee in thy ways: behold, thou art wroth; for we have sinned: in those is continuance, and we shall be saved.
Jeremiah 7:16 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession <06293> to me: for I will not hear thee.
Jeremiah 15:11 The LORD said, Verily it shall be well with thy remnant; verily I will cause the enemy to entreat <06293> thee [well] in the time of evil and in the time of affliction.
Jeremiah 27:18 But if they [be] prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession <06293> to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.
Jeremiah 36:25 Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession <06293> to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.
Amos 5:19 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met <06293> him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.
Passages containing paga‘ in the Old Testament
(Hiphil / Perfect Only)

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid <06293> (8689) on him the iniquity of us all.

Jeremiah 15:11 The LORD said, Verily it shall be well with thy remnant; verily I will cause the enemy to entreat <06293> (8689) thee well in the time of evil and in the time of affliction.

Jeremiah 36:25 Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession <06293> (8689) to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.

Intercession is defined as: the act of interceding; interceding is defined as to intervene between parties with a view to reconciling differences; to intervene is defined as 1 : to occur, fall, or come between points of time or events <only six months intervened between their marriage and divorce>; 2 : to enter or appear as an irrelevant or extraneous feature or circumstance <it’s business as usual until a crisis intervenes>; 3 a : to come in or between by way of hindrance or modification <intervene to stop a fight> b : to interfere with the outcome or course especially of a condition or process (as to prevent harm or improve functioning); 4 :
to occur or lie between two things — Note however that most translators/interpreters state that intercession, as it is generally understood today, is not in view in Isaiah 53:6. 

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – Logizomai (Impute)

A Study on logizomai (impute) as it relates to
the imputation of sin to the Lord Jesus Christ

Introduction
The http://www.blueletterbible.org/ and http://www.biblestudytools.com online Bible websites (as well as the free Online Bible Bible Software), add the following to their lexiconic definition of logizomai:

“This word deals with reality. If I “logizomai” or reckon that my bank book has $25 in it, it has $25 in it. Otherwise I am deceiving myself. This word refers to facts not suppositions.”

For a good resource on the secular and biblical definitions and uses of the word – see http://pvccia.org/downloads/written/word_studies/greek/logizomai.pdf –  For now, the verses wherein logizomai is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). It strongly appears, though I can by no means be dogmatic about it, that the word is used to describe what God, and people, actually, literally, and truly deem the issue/point to be factually in their thoughts, reasonings, reckonings, accountings of matters. It other words, it isn’t a mere legal slight of hand — as if one would put something down on paper and pretend it to be so (with only the consequences being real). It isn’t merely an “I will treat this “AS IF” it was so” type of thing. Review the verses for yourselves and determine, as God enables, whether the things reckoned/thought/ imputed/supposed/counted were things the reckoner literally and truly considered to be real and actual, and not just legal.

Note that by legal, I am using the common secular definition of the term. Legal (or legally) is generally defined as that which is, or that which describes, something: (a) of/relating/by law, (b) having a formal status derived from law often without a basis in actual fact; (c) recognized or made effective by a court of law; (d) Recognized or enforced by law rather than by equity; and (e) created by the constructions of the law <a legal fiction> — these are the literal definitions of “legal” and “legally” as defined by several dictionary sources, they are not my words. Thus, when people object to the terms “merely legal” and “legal fiction” they are missing a vital aspect of what “legally” really and truly means. Said again, legally essentially means a legal construct, without basis in actual reality, something declared to be so by law. 

Impute 3049 logizomai – log-id’-zom-ahee – middle voice from 3056; v; AV/KJV-think 9, impute 8, reckon 6, count 5, account 4, suppose 2, reason 1, number 1, misc 5; 41; 1) to reckon, count, compute, calculate, count over; 1a) to take into account, to make an account of; 1a1) metaph. to pass to one’s account, to impute; 1a2) a thing is reckoned as or to be something, i.e. as availing for or equivalent to something, as having the like force and weight; 1b) to number among, reckon with; 1c) to reckon or account; 2) to reckon inward, count up or weigh the reasons, to deliberate; 3) by reckoning up all the reasons, to gather or infer; 3a) to consider, take into account, weigh, meditate on; 3b) to suppose, deem, judge; 3c) to determine, purpose, decide 

TVM: Aorist 5777, Active 5784, Indicative 5791, Count: 2319

5777 Tense-Aorist: The aorist tense is characterized by its emphasis on punctiliar action; that is, the concept of the verb is considered without regard for past, present, or future time.  There is no direct or clear English equivalent for this tense, though it is generally rendered as a simple past tense in most translations. The events described by the aorist tense are classified into a number of categories by grammarians.  The most common of these include a view of the action as having begun from a certain point (“inceptive aorist”), or having ended at a certain point (“cumulative aorist”), or merely existing at a certain point (“punctiliar aorist”).  The categorization of other cases can be found in Greek reference grammars. The English reader need not concern himself with most of these finer points concerning the aorist tense, since in most cases they cannot be rendered accurately in English translation, being fine points of Greek exegesis only.  The common practice of rendering an aorist by a simple English past tense should suffice in most cases.

5784 Voice-Active: The active voice represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action.  e.g., in the sentence, “The boy hit the ball,” the boy performs the action.

5791 Mood-Indicative: The indicative mood is a simple statement of fact.  If an action really occurs or has occurred or will occur, it will be rendered in the indicative mood.

Passages containing logizomai in the New Testament

Mark 11:31 And they reasoned <3049> with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then did ye not believe him?
Mark 15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered <3049> with the transgressors.
Luke 22:37 For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned <3049> among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.
Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised <3049>, and her magnificence shou
ld be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
Romans 2:3 And thinkest thou <3049> this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
Romans 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall <3049> not his uncircumcision be counted <3049> for circumcision?
Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; 22 Even the righteousness of God [which] is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, [I say,] at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. 27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 28 Therefore we conclude <3049> that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
Romans 4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted <3049> unto him for righteousness. 4 Now to him that worketh is <3049> the reward not reckoned <3049> of grace, but of debt. 5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted <3049> for righteousness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth <3049> righteousness without works, 7 [Saying], Blessed [are] they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed [is] the man to whom the Lord will <3049> not impute <3049> sin. 9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned <3049> to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How was it <3049> then reckoned <3049>? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed <3049> unto them also:
Romans 4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22 And therefore it was imputed <3049> to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed <3049> to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed <3049>, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
Romans 6:11 Likewise reckon <3049> ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 8:18 For I reckon <3049> that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Romans 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted <3049> as sheep for the slaughter.
Romans 9:8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these [are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted <3049> for the seed.
Romans 14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth <3049> any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
I Corinthians 4:1 Let <3049> a man so account <3049> of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.
I Corinthians 13:5 Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh <3049> no evil;
I Corinthians 13:11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought <3049> as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.
II Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think <3049> any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;
II Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing <3049> their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
II Corinthians 10:2 But I beseech [you], that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think <3049> to be bold against some, which think <3049> of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
II Corinthians 10:7 Do ye l
ook on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ’s, let him <3049> of himself think <3049> this again, that, as he [is] Christ’s, even so [are] we Christ’s.
II Corinthians 10:11 Let <3049> such an one think <3049> this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such [will we be] also in deed when we are present.
II Corinthians 11:5 For I suppose <3049> I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.
II Corinthians 12:6 For though I would desire to glory, I shall not be a fool; for I will say the truth: but [now] I forbear, lest any man should think <3049> of me above that which he seeth me [to be], or [that] he heareth of me.
Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted <3049> to him for righteousness.
Philippians 3:13 Brethren, I count <3049> not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before,
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think <3049> on these things.
II Timothy 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may <3049> not be laid <3049> to their charge.
Hebrews 11:19 Accounting <3049> that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed <3049> unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
I Peter 5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose <3049>, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

by Curt Wildy

Word Study – Poieo (Made)

A Study on poieo in relation to how
it is used in II Corinthians 5:21
Throughout the New Testament, the word poieo is used of God to describe that which is actually, literally, and truly done, made, wrought, brought forth, worked, and/or performed. This word, to the very best of my understanding, is never used in the Bible to denote something that is merely legal, supposed, artificially deemed, etc.

Made 4160 poieo poy-eh’-o – apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; TDNT-6:458,895; v; AV-do 357, make 113, bring forth 14, commit 9, cause 9, work 8, show 5, bear 4, keep 4, fulfil 3, deal 2, perform 2, not tr 3, misc 43, vr do 3; 579; 1) to make; 1a) with the names of things made, to produce, construct, form, fashion, etc.; 1b) to be the authors of, the cause; 1c) to make ready, to prepare; 1d) to produce, bear, shoot forth; 1e) to acquire, to provide a thing for one’s self; 1f) to make a thing out of something; 1g) to (make i.e.) render one anything; 1g1) to (make i.e.) constitute or appoint one anything, to appoint or ordain one that; 1g2) to (make i.e.) declare one anything; 1h) to put one forth, to lead him out; 1i) to make one do something; 1i1) cause one to; 1j) to be the authors of a thing (to cause, bring about); 2) to do; 2a) to act rightly, do well; 2a1) to carry out, to execute; 2b) to do a thing unto one; 2b1) to do to one; 2c) with designation of time: to pass, spend; 2d) to celebrate, keep; 2d1) to make ready, and so at the same time to institute, the celebration of the Passover; 2e) to perform: to a promise

TVM: Aorist 5777, Active 5784, Indicative 5791, Count: 2319

5777 Tense-Aorist: The aorist tense is characterized by its emphasis on punctiliar action; that is, the concept of the verb is considered without regard for past, present, or future time.  There is no direct or clear English equivalent for this tense, though it is generally rendered as a simple past tense in most translations. The events described by the aorist tense are classified into a number of categories by grammarians.  The most common of these include a view of the action as having begun from a certain point (“inceptive aorist”), or having ended at a certain point (“cumulative aorist”), or merely existing at a certain point (“punctiliar aorist”).  The categorization of other cases can be found in Greek reference grammars. The English reader need not concern himself with most of these finer points concerning the aorist tense, since in most cases they cannot be rendered accurately in English translation, being fine points of Greek exegesis only.  The common practice of rendering an aorist by a simple English past tense should suffice in most cases.

 5784 Voice-Active: The active voice represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action.  e.g., in the sentence, “The boy hit the ball,” the boy performs the action.

5791 Mood-Indicative: The indicative mood is a simple statement of fact.  If an action really occurs or has occurred or will occur, it will be rendered in the indicative mood.

Passages containing poieo in the aorist, active, indicative

Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done <4160> (5656) many wonderful works?
Matthew 12:3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did <4160> (5656), when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
Matthew 13:26 But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth <4160> (5656) fruit, then appeared the tares also.
Matthew 13:28 He said unto them, An enemy hath done <4160> (5656) this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?
Matthew 13:58 And he did <4160> (5656) not many mighty works there because of their unbelief.
Matthew 17:12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done <4160> (5656) unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.
Matthew 19:4 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made [them] at the beginning made <4160> (5656) them male and female,
Matthew 20:5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did <4160> (5656) likewise. Matthew 20:12 Saying, These last have wrought <4160> (5656) [but] one hour, and thou hast made <4160> (5656) them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
Matthew 21:13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made <4160> (5656) it a den of thieves.
Matthew 21:15 And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did <4160> (5656), and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased,
Matthew 21:31 Whether of them twain did <4160> (5656) the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
Matthew 21:36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did <4160> (5656) unto them likewise.
Matthew 22:2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made <4160> (5656) a marriage for his son,
Matthew 25:16 Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made <4160> (5656) [them] other five talents.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I s
ay unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done <4160> (5656) [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done <4160> (5656) [it] unto me.
Matthew 25:45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did <4160> (5656) [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did <4160> (5656) [it] not to me.
Matthew 26:12 For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did <4160> (5656) [it] for my burial.
Matthew 26:13 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, [there] shall also this, that this woman hath done <4160> (5656), be told for a memorial of her.
Matthew 26:19 And the disciples did <4160> (5656) as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.
Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done <4160> (5656)? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Matthew 28:15 So they took the money, and did <4160> (5656) as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
Mark 2:25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did <4160> (5656), when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?
Mark 3:14 And he ordained <4160> (5656) twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,
Mark 5:19 Howbeit Jesus suffered him not, but saith unto him, Go home to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord hath done <4160> (5656) for thee, and hath had compassion on thee.
Mark 5:20 And he departed, and began to publish in Decapolis how great things Jesus had done <4160> (5656) for him: and all [men] did marvel.
Mark 6:30 And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done <4160> (5656), and what they had taught.
Mark 8:25 After that he put [his] hands again upon his eyes, and made <4160> (5656) him look up: and he was restored, and saw every man clearly.
Mark 9:13 But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done <4160> (5656) unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him.
Mark 10:6 But from the beginning of the creation God made <4160> (5656) them male and female.
Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made <4160> (5656) it a den of thieves.
Mark 14:8 She hath done <4160> (5656) what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
Mark 14:9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, [this] also that she hath done <4160> (5656) shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.
Mark 15:14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done <4160> (5656)? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.
Luke 1:49 For he that is mighty hath done <4160> (5656) to me great things; and holy [is] his name.
Luke 1:51 He hath shewed <4160> (5656) strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
Luke 1:68 Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people <4160> (5656),
Luke 2:48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt <4160> (5656) with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 3:19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done <4160> (5656),
Luke 5:29 And Levi made <4160> (5656) him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.
Luke 6:3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did <4160> (5656), when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;
Luke 6:10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did <4160> (5656) so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Luke 8:8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare <4160> (5656) fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Luke 8:39 Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done <4160> (5656) unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done <4160> (5656) unto him.
Luke 9:10 And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done <4160> (5656). And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
Luke 9:15 And they did <4160> (5656) so, and made them all sit down.
Luke 9:43 And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God. But while they wondered every one at all things which Jesus did <4160> (5656), he said unto his disciples,
Luke 9:54 And when his disciples James and John saw [this], they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did <4160> (5656)?
Luke 11:40 [Ye] fools, did not he that made that which is without make <4160> (5656) that which is within also?
Luke 14:16 Then said he unto him, A certain man made <4160> (5656) a great supper, and bade many:
Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done <4160> (5656) wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.
Luke 17:9 Doth he thank that servant because he did <4160> (5656) the things that were commanded him? I trow not.
Luke 19:18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained <4160> (5656) five pounds.
Luke 19:46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made <4160> (5656) it a den of thieves.
Luke 23:22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil
hath he done <4160> (5656)? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let [him] go.
John 2:11 This beginning of miracles did <4160> (5656) Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
John 4:29 Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did <4160> (5656): is not this the Christ?
John 4:39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did <4160> (5656).
John 4:45 Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did <4160> (5656) at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.
John 4:46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made <4160> (5656) the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum.
John 4:54 This [is] again the second miracle [that] Jesus did <4160> (5656), when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.
John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did <4160> (5656), said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.
John 7:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done <4160> (5656) one work, and ye all marvel.
John 7:23 If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made <4160> (5656) a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?
John 7:31 And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this [man] hath done <4160> (5656)?
John 8:40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did <4160> (5656) not Abraham.
John 9:6 When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made <4160> (5656) clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay,
John 9:11 He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made <4160> (5656) clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.
John 9:14 And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made <4160> (5656) the clay, and opened his eyes.
John 9:26 Then said they to him again, What did he <4160> (5656) to thee? how opened he thine eyes?
John 10:41 And many resorted unto him, and said, John did <4160> (5656) no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.
John 11:45 Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did <4160> (5656), believed on him.
John 11:46 But some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done <4160> (5656).
John 12:2 There they made <4160> (5656) him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
John 12:16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and [that] they had done <4160> (5656) these things unto him.
John 13:15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done <4160> (5656) to you.
John 15:24 If I had not done <4160> (5656) among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
John 18:35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done <4160> (5656)?
John 19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made <4160> (5656) himself the Son of God.
John 19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made <4160> (5656) four parts, to every soldier a part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
John 19:24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did <4160> (5656).
John 20:30 And many other signs truly did <4160> (5656) Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
John 21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did <4160> (5656), the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
Acts 2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did <4160> (5656) by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made <4160> (5656) that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
Acts 4:7 And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done <4160> (5656) this?
Acts 7:24 And seeing one [of them] suffer wrong, he defended [him], and avenged <4160> (5656) him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian:
Acts 7:43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made <4160> (5656) to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
Acts 7:50 Hath not my hand made <4160> (5656) all these things?
Acts 9:13 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done <4160> (5656) to thy saints at Jerusalem:
Acts 10:33 Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done <4160> (5656) that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
Acts 10:39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did <4160> (5656) both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:
Acts
11:30 Which also they did <4160> (5656), and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.
Acts 12:8 And the angel said unto him, Gird thyself, and bind on thy sandals. And so he did <4160> (5656). And he saith unto him, Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me.
Acts 14:11 And when the people saw what Paul had done <4160> (5656), they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men.
Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made <4160> (5656) heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
Acts 14:27 And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done <4160> (5656) with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
Acts 15:4 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and [of] the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done <4160> (5656) with them.
Acts 15:12 Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought <4160> (5656) among the Gentiles by them.
Acts 17:26 And hath made <4160> (5656) of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
Acts 21:19 And when he had saluted them, he declared particularly what things God had wrought <4160> (5656) among the Gentiles by his ministry.
Acts 26:10 Which thing I also did <4160> (5656) in Jerusalem: and many of the saints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I gave my voice against [them].
Romans 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made <4160> (5656) me thus?
II Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made <4160> (5656) him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
II Corinthians 11:7 Have I committed <4160> (5656) an offence in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I have preached to you the gospel of God freely?
Ephesians 3:11 According to the eternal purpose which he purposed <4160> (5656) in Christ Jesus our Lord:
Philippians 4:14 Notwithstanding ye have well done <4160> (5656), that ye did communicate with my affliction.
I Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did <4160> (5656) [it] ignorantly in unbelief.
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done <4160> (5656), but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made <4160> (5656) the worlds;
Hebrews 7:27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did <4160> (5656) once, when he offered up himself.
Hebrews 8:9 Not according to the covenant that I made with <4160> (5656) their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
I Peter 2:22 Who did <4160> (5656) no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
Revelations 1:6 And hath made <4160> (5656) us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
Revelations 5:10 And hast made <4160> (5656) us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

by Curt Wildy

Is God The Author Of Sin?

Is God The Author Of Sin?

Introduction
When discussing matters pertaining to the absolute sovereignty of God, a question that often arises is whether God is the author of sin. We know that God is not the author of confusion (I Corinthians 14:33), but the discussion focuses around whether God, who ordains all things and causes all things to be, is the actual author of sin. Before I began, I want to consider the passages at issue:

The Greek words and usage:
In the AV/KJV, the word author is found in three passages, with one being inferred and the other two consisting of two different Greek words. The passages are as follows:

I Corinthians 14:33 For God is not [the author] of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

In this passage, author is not in the actually Greek. The better translation would be “For God is not of confusion, but of peace, as in all the assemblies of the saints (LITV)” or “for God is not [a God] of tumult, but of peace, as in all the assemblies of the saints. (YLT)”

Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.”

The word author here is Strong’s G747 – ἀρχηγός – archēgos – ar-khay-gos’ – From G746 and G71; a chief leader: – author, captain, prince.

Surely God is not the chief leader, captain, or prince of sin so I will skip to:

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him

The word author here is Strong’s G159 – αἴτιος – aitios – ah’ee-tee-os – From the same as G154; causative, that is, (concretely) a causer: – author.

Is God the causer of sin?
In light of the Greek word used in Hebrews 5:9, can we say that God is the causer or author of sin? I do not believe so; when I sin, though God clearly ordains it (providentially brings it about) I know my flesh to be the author of it. If my flesh is the author of it, then sin lies within me and dwells within me. With that being the case, how can I say that God is the causer/author/originator of it? “For I know that in me, that is in my flesh, dwells no good. For to will is present to me, but to work out the good I do not find. 19 For what good I desire, I do not do. But the evil I do not desire, this I do. 20 But if I do what I do not desire, it is no longer I working it out, but the sin dwelling in me” (Romans 7:18-20 – LITV).

As with clay
I see the relationship between God and sin as being similar to the relationship between the potter and the clay (wherein the clay, in this instance, is the innate sin of man and God is the shaper of it). As the potter who, in working with the pre-existing clay, determines the form of it by molding it into a specific fashion (arranging it, and expanding or limiting its proportions), God, in working with our pre-existing sin-filled nature, determines the extent of the manifestation of our sins (be it in thought, word, omission, or deed).

Through his restraining hand, God molds our sin to suit His perfect and divine purposes; otherwise, if it could, our sin would manifest itself in every way possible (simultaneously and perfectly in its wickedness). God limiting the manifestation to this set of sins, or that set, doesn’t make Him the author or causer of it; however, it does make Him the Sovereign over it.

by Curt Wildy

The Misuse Of Logic In Biblical Discourse

The key passages

Before making my comments on the matter of the misuse of logic and human reasoning in biblical discussion, I think it best to look at some of the key passages at issue:

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

I Corinthians 1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect. 18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. 20 Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? 21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. 22 For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: 23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; 24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. 26 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, [are called]: 27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; 28 And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: 29 That no flesh should glory in his presence. 30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: 31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.

I Corinthians 2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God. 2 For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. 3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling. 4 And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: 5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. 6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:

7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom], which God ordained before the world unto our glory: 8 Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known [it], they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 10 But God hath revealed [them] unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. 16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

A needful reminder

I also want to look again at the words of Mr. J.C. Philpot (with a brief note from me added); I believe his views on the matter speak for most all who are born of God:

The Gospel of God’s grace in Christ Jesus is not a thing to be proved, but truth to be believed. It is not submitted to our reasoning powers as a subject for critical examination. The gospel is a MESSAGE FROM GOD, addressed to the conscience, feelings, and affections. For this reason, men fond of argument and proving everything by strictly logical deduction generally make very poor preachers. [Note: I would add witnesses and teachers as well]. In the Scriptures, God does not argue, He proclaims!

My thoughts on human logic…

I think that the above verses are right on point, and that Mr. Philpot’s admonition is once again very timely and needful (for myself especially): the carnal logic of man is of no importance to the salvation of an elect sinner. It is the power of God wrought on the mind, heart, and soul (intellect, affections, and will), and not the mere intellect of men, that (a) saves, and (b) gives us knowledge, wisdom, and understanding once we are saved. It is the Holy Spirit of God that leads us into all truth, and that, only through His God-breathed word (which is the Testimony of Christ and the Godhead whom He represents). By His grace, God has chosen to primarily save and use base men with little formal education on, or knowledge of, formal and informal logic and human philosophy. Likewise, by His sovereignty, men of learning and great understanding in the logic, reasoning, and wisdom of men (i.e. the wisdom of this world, and not the spiritual) are often rejected.

The New Testament was primarily written in Greek; Paul’s epistles were often (if not always) written to those speaking/reading Greek. If my understanding is correct, the Greek language was a rather common language throughout the Middle East, Asia Minor, and parts of Europe. Due to the Roman Empire, the Greco-Roman culture was likewise very familiar and influential. As a result, the Greek “wise men” would have no doubt been well known in these regions. Names like Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Xenophanes, Xenophones, Epicurus, Zeno, and later Plutarch and Epictetus, et. al. would likely have been commonly place in many households (especially the more educated ones). Nonetheless, Paul makes no mention of them. When he mentioned vain philosophy and the wisdom of men, he was no doubt referring to both the renown “wise men,” and the things upon which they relied (carnal logic and reasoning, sophistry, etc.).

It is very telling that Formalists run to Aristotlean/Aristotelian (and other forms of) logic, sophistry, and carnal philosophy in general to advance their points — given that the Biblical authors never mention it nor rely upon it as a ground for, or means of, believers coming to truth. Appeals to carnal logic can be found in many camps claiming orthodoxy, but it results only in a cold, dead and empty understanding. Godly men of old understood what Mr. Philpot knew… God (in stirring the mind, pricking the heart, and ordaining the “melting of the heart”) is the one who works right understanding, affection, a will to do, and the actual doing in the lives of His people. The appeal amongst God’s people ought never to be unto vain reasoning but unto God and His effectual working.

It is true that Christ is the Logos, and it is from the word logos that we get logic; but the notion that the Logos of God would have us rely on Aristotlean/Aristotelian logic (or any other such thing) and not the Spirit of God from His clear testimony (which is the word of God as He applies it to our hearts), is foolishness. The idea that we would appeal to the logic promoted by carnal, unsaved men, to come to the knowledge and understanding of truth that only God can given us, is equally absurd. Carnal logic and reasoning gives us vanity; it gives us novelty and every wind of doctrine, and does nothing but trouble the saints and lead silly ones astray… It is good to reason things out, and logic does have its place, but only when it is based upon, in harmony with, and subject to the word of God (and God-given knowledge, wisdom, and understanding). However, when the use of earthy logic amounts to nothing more than the fancies and whims of men who pride themselves on their grasp of human (fleshly, carnal, corrupt) reasoning, it is as the poison of asps and should be avoided.