Word Study – cabal (to carry/bear)

A Study on cabal (carry/bear) as it relates to the carrying of our sorrows by the Lord Jesus Christ

The verses wherein cabal is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). This word, unlike others previosuly reviewed, appears to have both literal and figurative usage. I’ll leave it for others to decide if its use in Isaiah 53:4, 11 is literal (my belief) or figurative/legal. Regarding Lamentation 5:7 below, I have included a quote from the Keil & Delitzsch Commentary to highlight my own belief. When it says that the children have borne the sins of the fathers, not only does it mean that they have suffered under the effects of the sins their fathers committed (i.e. the punishment), but it means that they themselves carried/bore the very same sins (transgressions) for which their fathers were punished. In other words, they themselves were partakers in the sins of their fathers having the same sins and proclivity towards sin as their forefathers — this is the state of all mankind.

Carry/Bear – 05445 – lbo cabal saw-bal’ – a primitive root; v; AV-carry 4, bear 3, labour 1, burden 1; 9; 1) to bear, bear a load, drag oneself along; 1a) (Qal) to bear (a load); 1b) (Pual) laden (participle); 1c) (Hithpael) to make oneself a burden, drag oneself along;

Qal – 08851, Perfect – 08816, Count: 12562

Qal 08851: is the most frequently used verb pattern. It expresses the “simple” or “causal” action of the root in the active voice. Examples: he sat, he ate, he went, he said, he rose, he bought – This form accounts for 66.7% of the verbs parsed.

08816 Perfect: The Perfect expresses a completed action. 1) In reference to time, such an action may be: 1a) one just completed from the standpoint of the present “I have come” to tell you the news; 1b) one completed in the more or less distant past; In the beginning God “created” – “I was (once) young” and “I have (now) grown old” but “I have not seen” a righteous man forsaken; 1c) one already completed from the point of view of another past : God saw everything that “he had made;” 1d) one completed from the point of view of another action yet future; I will draw for thy camels also until “they have done” drinking; 2) The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English. 2a) in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence—truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed: the grass “withereth” – the sparrow “findeth” a house; 2b) an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present: “I stretch out” my hands to thee – “thou never forsakest” those who seek thee; 2c) the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into “complete existence” and realisation: “I know” thou wilt be king – “I hate” all workers of iniquity; 2d) Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect. 2d1) in promises, threats and language of contracts the field “give I” thee and if not, “I will take it” 2d2) prophetic language; my people “is gone into captivity” (i.e. shall assuredly go)

Passages containing cabal in the Old Testament

Genesis 49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear <05445>, and became a servant unto tribute.

Psalm 144:14 That our oxen may be strong to labour <05445>; that there be no breaking in, nor going out; that there be no complaining in our streets.

Ecclesiastes 12:5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden <05445>, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:

Isaiah 46:4 And even to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry <05445> you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry <05445>, and will deliver you. 5 To whom will ye liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like? 6 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship. 7 They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry <05445> him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, one shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried <05445> (8804) our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear <05445> their iniquities.

Lamentation 5:7 Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne <05445> (8804) their iniquities.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary: God does not punish the sins of the fathers in innocent children, but in children who continue the sins of the fathers; cf. Isaiah 65:7, and the explanation given of Jeremiah 31:29 and Ezekiel 18:2. The design with which the suffering for the sins of the fathers is brought forward so prominently, and with such feeling, is merely to excite the divine compassion for those who are thus chastised.

by Curt Wildy

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