|A Study on logizomai (impute) as it relates to
the imputation of sin to the Lord Jesus Christ
For a good resource on the secular and biblical definitions and uses of the word – see http://pvccia.org/downloads/written/word_studies/greek/logizomai.pdf – For now, the verses wherein logizomai is used can be found below. I recommend reading the verses in context (in the Bible). It strongly appears, though I can by no means be dogmatic about it, that the word is used to describe what God, and people, actually, literally, and truly deem the issue/point to be factually in their thoughts, reasonings, reckonings, accountings of matters. It other words, it isn’t a mere legal slight of hand — as if one would put something down on paper and pretend it to be so (with only the consequences being real). It isn’t merely an “I will treat this “AS IF” it was so” type of thing. Review the verses for yourselves and determine, as God enables, whether the things reckoned/thought/ imputed/supposed/counted were things the reckoner literally and truly considered to be real and actual, and not just legal.
Note that by legal, I am using the common secular definition of the term. Legal (or legally) is generally defined as that which is, or that which describes, something: (a) of/relating/by law, (b) having a formal status derived from law often without a basis in actual fact; (c) recognized or made effective by a court of law; (d) Recognized or enforced by law rather than by equity; and (e) created by the constructions of the law <a legal fiction> — these are the literal definitions of “legal” and “legally” as defined by several dictionary sources, they are not my words. Thus, when people object to the terms “merely legal” and “legal fiction” they are missing a vital aspect of what “legally” really and truly means. Said again, legally essentially means a legal construct, without basis in actual reality, something declared to be so by law.
Impute 3049 logizomai – log-id’-zom-ahee – middle voice from 3056; v; AV/KJV-think 9, impute 8, reckon 6, count 5, account 4, suppose 2, reason 1, number 1, misc 5; 41; 1) to reckon, count, compute, calculate, count over; 1a) to take into account, to make an account of; 1a1) metaph. to pass to one’s account, to impute; 1a2) a thing is reckoned as or to be something, i.e. as availing for or equivalent to something, as having the like force and weight; 1b) to number among, reckon with; 1c) to reckon or account; 2) to reckon inward, count up or weigh the reasons, to deliberate; 3) by reckoning up all the reasons, to gather or infer; 3a) to consider, take into account, weigh, meditate on; 3b) to suppose, deem, judge; 3c) to determine, purpose, decide
TVM: Aorist 5777, Active 5784, Indicative 5791, Count: 2319
5777 Tense-Aorist: The aorist tense is characterized by its emphasis on punctiliar action; that is, the concept of the verb is considered without regard for past, present, or future time. There is no direct or clear English equivalent for this tense, though it is generally rendered as a simple past tense in most translations. The events described by the aorist tense are classified into a number of categories by grammarians. The most common of these include a view of the action as having begun from a certain point (“inceptive aorist”), or having ended at a certain point (“cumulative aorist”), or merely existing at a certain point (“punctiliar aorist”). The categorization of other cases can be found in Greek reference grammars. The English reader need not concern himself with most of these finer points concerning the aorist tense, since in most cases they cannot be rendered accurately in English translation, being fine points of Greek exegesis only. The common practice of rendering an aorist by a simple English past tense should suffice in most cases.
5784 Voice-Active: The active voice represents the subject as the doer or performer of the action. e.g., in the sentence, “The boy hit the ball,” the boy performs the action.
5791 Mood-Indicative: The indicative mood is a simple statement of fact. If an action really occurs or has occurred or will occur, it will be rendered in the indicative mood.
Passages containing logizomai in the New Testament
|Mark 11:31 And they reasoned <3049> with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then did ye not believe him?|
|Mark 15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered <3049> with the transgressors.|
|Luke 22:37 For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned <3049> among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.|
|Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised <3049>, and her magnificence shou
ld be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
|Romans 2:3 And thinkest thou <3049> this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?|
|Romans 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall <3049> not his uncircumcision be counted <3049> for circumcision?|
|Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; 22 Even the righteousness of God [which] is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, [I say,] at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. 27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 28 Therefore we conclude <3049> that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.|
|Romans 4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted <3049> unto him for righteousness. 4 Now to him that worketh is <3049> the reward not reckoned <3049> of grace, but of debt. 5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted <3049> for righteousness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth <3049> righteousness without works, 7 [Saying], Blessed [are] they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed [is] the man to whom the Lord will <3049> not impute <3049> sin. 9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned <3049> to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How was it <3049> then reckoned <3049>? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed <3049> unto them also:|
|Romans 4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22 And therefore it was imputed <3049> to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed <3049> to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed <3049>, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;|
|Romans 6:11 Likewise reckon <3049> ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.|
|Romans 8:18 For I reckon <3049> that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us.|
|Romans 8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted <3049> as sheep for the slaughter.|
|Romans 9:8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these [are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted <3049> for the seed.|
|Romans 14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth <3049> any thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.|
|I Corinthians 4:1 Let <3049> a man so account <3049> of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.|
|I Corinthians 13:5 Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh <3049> no evil;|
|I Corinthians 13:11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought <3049> as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.|
|II Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think <3049> any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;|
|II Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing <3049> their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.|
|II Corinthians 10:2 But I beseech [you], that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think <3049> to be bold against some, which think <3049> of us as if we walked according to the flesh.|
|II Corinthians 10:7 Do ye l
ook on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ’s, let him <3049> of himself think <3049> this again, that, as he [is] Christ’s, even so [are] we Christ’s.
|II Corinthians 10:11 Let <3049> such an one think <3049> this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such [will we be] also in deed when we are present.|
|II Corinthians 11:5 For I suppose <3049> I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.|
|II Corinthians 12:6 For though I would desire to glory, I shall not be a fool; for I will say the truth: but [now] I forbear, lest any man should think <3049> of me above that which he seeth me [to be], or [that] he heareth of me.|
|Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted <3049> to him for righteousness.|
|Philippians 3:13 Brethren, I count <3049> not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before,|
|Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think <3049> on these things.|
|II Timothy 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may <3049> not be laid <3049> to their charge.|
|Hebrews 11:19 Accounting <3049> that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.|
|James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed <3049> unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.|
|I Peter 5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose <3049>, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.|
by Curt Wildy